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Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Surveillance Project

Tracking Kidney Disease in the United States
1 in 10 people have Chronic Kidney Disease
Adults With diabetes or high blood pressure have a higher risk of developing CKD
Most people with CKD are not aware of their disease and do not seek appropriate treatment

CKD Topics

Incidence refers to the occurrence or detection of new health-related events (e.g., CKD onset) in a particular population at risk during a given period; it may be expressed as a count (number of incident events), a risk (probability of the event occurring), or rate (number of events per person-time at risk).
Identification of those at risk for development of CKD forms an integral part of a CKD surveillance system. First, examining changes in the burden of risk factors for CKD can help predict the potential future burden of CKD. For example, if the prevalence of an important risk factor is rising, it is likely that the prevalence of CKD will rise accordingly. Second, assessing the burden of risk factors can also help identify which interventions are likely to have the most impact on reducing the burden of CKD. Early intervention in those with risk factors may help prevent or delay the onset of CKD, or in the case of established CKD, help slow progression or reduce related morbidity and mortality.
CKD is characterized by a high burden of comorbidities such as cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and others. Many of these conditions can be both a cause and consequence of CKD. In the presence of CKD, outcomes among patients with other comorbidities are typically worse than in the absence of CKD.  The most important consequences of CKD include renal disease progression that has the potential to lead to end stage renal disease (ESRD), or death.
Assessment of the processes of care and practice patterns related to the detection and management of CKD is an integral part of a national CKD surveillance system. Tracking the processes of care related to CKD could be instrumental in facilitating the implementation of early diagnostic steps and institution of appropriate therapies to either prevent the development of disease or slow progression of established disease. Examination of administrative health care data is a cost-efficient method for tracking processes of care in the practice setting.
Improvements in population health rely on a strong health care system to deliver quality care and prevention services. Indicators in this section monitor the capacity for service delivery, health care workforce, and health care financing related to kidney disease. Examples include health insurance coverage, number of primary care physicians and nephrologists, laboratory reporting of estimated glomerular filtration rate, and the availability of transplant centers and dialysis facilities.
 
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Healthy People 2020

Healthy People 2020 provides national objectives for improving the health of all Americans. Fourteen (14) objectives focus on kidney disease, including end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Several indicators from the CKD Surveillance System provide related information for these objectives.

National CKD Fact Sheet 2014

View national estimates and general information regarding CKD in the United States.

CKD Initiative

The Chronic Kidney Disease Initiative is designed to provide comprehensive public health strategies for promoting kidney health.
Learn more...

World Diabetes Day



Patient-Focused Information

CKD Surveillance Website Introduction

General image to accompany the project introduction video on YouTube link Watch a brief video introduction to the CKD Surveillance system Website.
Suggested Citation:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chronic Kidney Disease Surveillance System—United States.
Web site. http://www.cdc.gov/ckd

Content source: 
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