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Prevalence Data Set

Alcohol Consumption Levels among Adults Age 20 Years and Older

state

Washington

References

Standardized cut-points for assessing the prevalence of alcohol consumption (Alsamarrai, et al. 2014; Bagnardi, et al. 2015*; Patra, et al. 2010*, 2011*; Samokhvalov, et al. 2010a*, 2010b*, 2010c*; Taylor, et al. 2009*)
Alcohol Consumption Level Cut-points
*Low Medium High
Sex Grams Average Drinks/Day
(14g/drink)
Grams Average Drinks/Day
(14g/drink)
Grams Average Drinks/Day
(14g/drink)
Male >0.0-≤28.0 >0-≤2.0 >28.0-≤56.0 >2.0-≤4.0 >56.0 >4.0
Female >0-≤14.0 >0-≤1.0 >14.0-≤28.0 >1.0-≤2.0 >28.0 >2.0

*Categorical relative risks were derived from continuous risk distributions


English, et al. (1995)
Alcohol Consumption Level Cut-points
*Low Medium High
Sex Grams Average Drinks/Day
(14g/drink)
Grams Average Drinks/Day
(14g/drink)
Grams Average Drinks/Day
(14g/drink)
Male ≥2.8-<40.6 ≥0.2-<2.9 ≥40.6-<60.2 ≥2.9-<4.3 ≥60.2 ≥4.3
Female ≥2.9-<19.6 ≥0.2-<1.4 ≥19.6-<40.6 ≥1.4-<2.9 ≥40.6 ≥2.9

Corrao, et al. (1999; 2004)
Alcohol Consumption Level Cut-points
*Low Medium High
Sex Grams Average Drinks/Day
(14g/drink)
Grams Average Drinks/Day
(14g/drink)
Grams Average Drinks/Day
(14g/drink)
Male and Female ≥1.4-<25.0 ≥0.1-<1.8 ≥25.0-<50.0 ≥1.8-<3.6 ≥50.0 ≥3.6

Zhao, et al. (2017)
Alcohol Consumption Level Cut-points
*Low Medium High
Sex Grams Average Drinks/Day
(14g/drink)
Grams Average Drinks/Day
(14g/drink)
Grams Average Drinks/Day
(14g/drink)
Male and Female ≥1.3-<25.0 ≥0.09-<1.8 ≥25.0-<45.0 ≥1.8-<3.2 ≥45.0 ≥3.2

* High volume and higher volume categories from Zhao, et al. (2017) were combined into a single category for the purpose of ARDI

The following data show the prevalence of alcohol consumption at each level of average daily alcohol consumption by study cut-points. This prevalence data is used for calculating indirect alcohol-attributable fractions in ARDI.
Standardized
Level of average daily alcohol consumption
Sex Low Medium High
Male 0.55 0.07 0.03
Female 0.46 0.06 0.03
Conditions:
  • Pancreatitis, acute
  • All cancers
  • Stroke, ischemic
  • Stroke, hemorrhagic
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Unprovoked seizures, epilepsy, or seizure disorder
  • Hypertension
Standardized, alcohol consumption prevalence for females aged 18-44 years
Level of average daily alcohol consumption
Sex Low Medium High
Female 0.45 0.06 0.03
Conditions:
  • Infant death, low birth weight
  • Infant death, pre-term birth
  • Infant death, small for gestational age
Standardized, alcohol consumption prevalence for males and females aged 20-64 years
Level of average daily alcohol consumption
Sex Low Medium High
Male 0.56 0.07 0.03
Female 0.48 0.06 0.03
Condition:
  • Pneumonia
English, et al. (1995)
Level of average daily alcohol consumption
Sex Low Medium High
Male 0.43 0.03 0.03
Female 0.26 0.05 0.01
Condition:
  • Gallbladder disease
Corrao, et al. (1999; 2004)
Level of average daily alcohol consumption
Sex Low Medium High
Male 0.44 0.09 0.04
Female 0.38 0.04 0.01
Conditions:
  • Pancreatitis, chronic
  • Chronic hepatitis
Zhao, et al. (2017)
Level of average daily alcohol consumption
Sex Low Medium High
Male 0.44 0.08 0.05
Female 0.38 0.03 0.01
Condition:
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Note: The conditions listed are those calculated using indirect alcohol-attributable fractions. Conditions calculated using direct alcohol-attributable fractions are not included on this page.
References
  1. Alsamarrai, A., Das, S. L., Windsor, J. A., & Petrov, M. S. (2014). Factors that affect risk for pancreatic disease in the general population: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 12(10), 1635-1644.
  2. Bagnardi, V., Rota, M., Botteri, E., Tramacere, I., Islami, F., Fedirko, V., ... & Pelucchi, C. (2015). Alcohol consumption and site-specific cancer risk: a comprehensive dose–response meta-analysis. British Journal of Cancer, 112(3), 580-593.
  3. Corrao, G., Bagnardi, V., Zambon, A., Arico, S. (1999). Exploring the dose-response relationship between alcohol consumption and the risk of several alcohol-related conditions: a meta-analysis. Addiction, 94(10):1551–1573.
  4. Corrao, G., Bagnardi, V., Zambon, A., & La Vecchia, C. (2004). A meta-analysis of alcohol consumption and the risk of 15 diseases. Preventive Medicine, 38(5), 613-619.
  5. English, D.R., Holman C.D.J., Milne, E., Winter, M.G., Hulse, G.K., Codde, J.P., et al. (1995). The Quantification of Drug Caused Morbidity and Mortality in Australia, 1995 edition. Canberra, Australia: Commonwealth Department of Human Services and Health;1995.
  6. Patra, J., Taylor, B., Irving, H., Roerecke, M., Baliunas, D., Mohapatra, S., & Rehm, J. (2010). Alcohol consumption and the risk of morbidity and mortality for different stroke types-a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Public Health, 10(1), 258.
  7. Patra J, Bakker R, Irving H, Jaddoe VW, Malini S, & Rehm J. (2011). Dose-response relationship between alcohol consumption before and during pregnancy and the risks of low birthweight, preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA)-a systematic review and meta-analyses. BJOG, 118(12), 1411-21.
  8. Samokhvalov, A. V., Irving, H. M., & Rehm, J. (2010a). Alcohol consumption as a risk factor for pneumonia: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Epidemiology and Infection, 138(12), 1789-1795.
  9. Samokhvalov, A. V., Irving, H., Mohapatra, S., & Rehm, J. (2010b). Alcohol consumption, unprovoked seizures, and epilepsy: A systematic review and meta‐analysis. Epilepsia, 51(7), 1177-1184.
  10. Samokhvalov, A. V., Irving, H. M., & Rehm, J. (2010c). Alcohol consumption as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation, 17(6), 706-712.
  11. Taylor, B., Irving, H. M., Baliunas, D., Roerecke, M., Patra, J., Mohapatra, S., & Rehm, J. (2009). Alcohol and hypertension: gender differences in dose–response relationships determined through systematic review and meta‐analysis. Addiction, 104(12), 1981-1990.
  12. Zhao, J., et al., (2017). Alcohol consumption and mortality from coronary heart disease: An updated meta-analysis of cohort studies. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 78, 375-386.

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