Number of deaths from various causes that are directly attributable to alcohol.
See Alcohol-Attributable Deaths.
See Alcohol-Attributable Fraction.
Proportion of deaths from a given cause that are directly attributable to alcohol.
Alcohol-Related Disease Impact.
Blood Alcohol Concentration.
Condition for which there has been a reported decrease in the risk of death at
a particular alcohol consumption level.
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. A state-based system of health surveys
of United States adults age 18 years or older that is coordinated by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The
system collects information on alcohol use and other health-related topics.
Cause of Death Abbreviation
Six-letter abbreviation used to identify a specific cause of death in the Custom
Data section in ARDI.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Chronic Causes of Death
Causes with a long latency period from the time of onset to the time of death.
Data uploaded or entered in by the user in the Custom Data section in ARDI. Custom
data sets are not endorsed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Collection of data elements (e.g., causes of death).
Data set entered by the system administrator and available to all users.
Alcohol-attributable fractions that are based on direct observations of the relationship
between alcohol and a given health outcome. These estimates are generally based
on the proportion of persons dying from a particular condition at or above a specified
blood alcohol content or from follow-back studies that specifically assess prior
alcohol use among persons dying of specific causes (e.g., liver cirrhosis).
Fatality Analysis Reporting System. An annual collection system of all motor-vehicle traffic
crashes on United States roadways that is administered by the National Highway Traffic
International Classification of Diseases. The alpha-numeric classification of
morbidity and mortality developed by the World Health Organization (WHO). The death
data included in ARDI are coded using the 10th revision of the ICD codes, also known
Alcohol-attributable fractions calculated by ARDI using pooled risk estimates
for alcohol-related causes of death at specific alcohol consumption levels and estimates
of the prevalence of alcohol use at those same consumption levels.
Expected number of years of life remaining at a particular age.
Refers to a specific geographic area. For ARDI, this is generally a state but
could also refer to another area defined by the user in the Custom Data section.
Large systematic review of the literature used to summarize the results of multiple
studies assessing the relationship between an exposure (e.g., alcohol) and a particular
health outcome (e.g., breast cancer).
National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion at the Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. The government agency that is primarily concerned with traffic safety.
Proportion of the population exhibiting a specific condition or engaging in a
particular behavior (e.g., binge drinking) at a specified point in time.
See Custom Data.
See Default Data.
Person who wants to enter or upload their own data in the Custom Data section
of ARDI to calculate alcohol-attributable health impacts.
Ratio of the risk of a disease or outcome in exposed individuals to the risk of
the same disease or outcome in nonexposed individuals. For the purposes of ARDI,
the exposure is average daily alcohol consumption and the outcome is death from
a particular disease or condition.
See Relative Risk.
See Relative Risk.
Smoking Attributable Morbidity, Mortality, and Economic Cost. An existing web
application that is similar to ARDI, but is used to estimate the health and
economic impact of smoking.
Total number of deaths from a given cause (e.g., liver cirrhosis) that were reported
in a given year.
Underlying Cause of Death
Disease, injury, or circumstance (e.g., hypothermia) that led directly to an individual's
death. Generally more medical information is reported on death certificates than
is directly reflected in the underlying cause of death. Data on underlying cause
of death are collected by states and reported to the National Center for Health
Years of Potential Life Lost
Measure of the impact of premature mortality. Calculated by subtracting the age
at death from life expectancy. For ARDI, deaths and life expectancies are compiled
using standard 5-year age groupings.
See Years of Potential Life Lost.