Indicator Details: Percentage of Patients with ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM Codes Indicating CKD or ESRD
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Between 2007 and 2012, the overall unadjusted percentage of patients with a CKD diagnosis code (ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM, excluding ESRD) increased slightly from 2.6% to 3.5%.
Chart Explanation: The prevalence of diagnosed CKD increased little from 2007 to 2012. The y-axis (vertical line) shows the percentage of CKD, and the x-axis (horizontal line) shows CKD groups by year (No CKD, CKD but not ESRD).
Diagnoses for medical conditions within Medicaid data come from inpatient and outpatient claims submitted by providers for the fee-for-service sections of Medicaid. Only patients 20 years old and above with >3 months eligibility of Medicaid were included for the analysis.

Data are from the Medicaid datasets of claims (inpatient and outpatient) for Michigan residents from 2007 to 2012. See below for the list of ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM diagnostic codes used to determine CKD.
FieldData
Description of MeasureCKD Status (No CKD/ESRD, CKD not ESRD, and ESRD) diagnosed by ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM codes, stratified by age, race/ethnicity, gender, diabetes diagnosis and hypertension diagnosis.
Data SourceCenters for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
Type of Data SourceAdministrative.
Data SetMedicaid data for Michigan residents.
Health Care System DataYes.
Regional or National?Regional—Michigan State.
Demographic GroupPatients enrolled in Medicaid in Michigan.
NumeratorPatients in denominator with diagnosed CKD from an outpatient and inpatient claim by any of the ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM CKD codes listed below.
DenominatorPatients 20 years old and older with >3 months Medicaid eligibility in Michigan
Primary Data Source IndicatorDiagnosis codes from inpatient and outpatient claims.
Primary Indicator Method of MeasurementMedical claims.
Secondary (1) VariableAge at the end of the previous calendar year.
Secondary (2) VariableRace/ethnicity
Secondary (3) VariableSex/gender
Secondary (4) VariableDiabetes status determined by the presence of an ICD-9-CM code (250.x, 357.2, 362.01, 362.02 or 366.41) or ICD-10-CM code (E08.3xx, E08.4xx, E09.3xx, E09.4xx, E10.xxx,  E11.xxx, E13.0x, E13.1x, E13.2x, E13.3xx, E13.4x, E13.5x, E13.6xx, E13.8, E13.9) for diabetes or diabetic complications on at least one inpatient or outpatient claim during the given calendar year.
Secondary (5) VariableHypertension status determined by the presence of an ICD-9-CM code (401.x through 405.x) or ICD-10 code (H35.03x, I10.xx, I11.xx, I12.xx, I13.xx, I15.xxx, I67.4, N26.2) for hypertension on at least one inpatient or outpatient claim during the given calendar year.
Period Currently Available2007–2012.
Limitations of IndicatorAs a measure of prevalence, the use of ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM diagnostic codes will underestimate the level of CKD in the general population.
Analytical ConsiderationsIn the published literature, CKD is diagnosed by ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM codes in different ways (e.g., one outpatient code, two or more outpatient codes, or one inpatient code). In addition to these differences in ascertaining CKD, there may be differences in sampling. Thus, care must be taken when making comparisons.
ICD-10-CM Codes for CKDA18.11, A52.75, B52.0, C64.x, C68.9, D30.0x, D41.0x-D41.2x, D59.3, E08.2x, E09.2x, E10.2x, E10.65, E11.2x, E11.65, E13.2x, E74.8, I12.xx, I13.0, I13.1x, I13.2, K76.7, M10.3x, M32.14, M32.15, N01.x-N08.x, N13.1, N13.1x-N13.39, N14.x,N15.0, N15.8, N15.9, N16, N17.x, N18.1-N18.5, N18.8, N18.9, N19, N25.xx, N26.1, N26.9, O10.4xx, O12.xx, O26.83x, O90.89, Q61.02, Q61.1x-Q61.8, Q26.0-Q26.39, R94.4
ICD-9-CM Codes for CKDDescription of code
16Tuberculosis of kidney of kidney
95.4Syphilis of kidney
189Malignant neoplasm of kidney except pelvis
189.1Malignant neoplasm of renal pelvis
189.9Malignant neoplasm of urinary organ site unspecified
236.91Neoplasm of uncertain behavior of kidney and ureter
250.4Diabetes mellitus with renal manifestations type II or unspecified type not stated as uncontrolled
250.41Diabetes mellitus with renal manifestations type I not stated as uncontrolled
250.42Diabetes mellitus with renal manifestations type II or unspecified type uncontrolled
250.43Diabetes mellitus with renal manifestations type I uncontrolled
271.4Renal glycosuria
274.1Gouty nephropathy
283.11Hemolytic-uremic syndrome
403Malignant hypertensive renal disease without renal failure
403.01Malignant hypertensive renal disease with renal failure
403.1Benign hypertensive renal disease without renal failure
403.11Benign hypertensive renal disease with renal failure
403.9Unspecified hypertensive renal disease without renal failure
403.91Unspecified hypertensive renal disease with renal failure
404Malignant hypertensive heart and renal disease without heart failure or renal failure
404.01Malignant hypertensive heart and renal disease with heart failure
404.02Malignant hypertensive heart and renal disease with renal failure
404.03Malignant hypertensive heart and renal disease with heart failure and renal failure
404.1Benign hypertensive heart and renal disease without heart failure or renal failure
404.11Benign hypertensive heart and renal disease with heart failure
404.12Benign hypertensive heart and renal disease with renal failure
404.13Benign hypertensive heart and renal disease with heart failure and renal failure
404.9Unspecified hypertensive heart and renal disease without heart failure or renal failure
404.91Unspecified hypertensive heart and renal disease with heart failure
404.92Unspecified hypertensive heart and renal disease with renal failure
404.93Unspecified hypertensive heart and renal disease with heart failure and renal failure
405.01Malignant renovascular hypertension
440.1Atherosclerosis of renal artery
442.1Aneurysm of renal artery
447.3Hyperplasia of renal artery
453.3Embolism and thrombosis of renal vein
572.4Hepatorenal syndrome
580Acute glomerulonephritis with lesion of proliferative glomerulonephritis
580.4Acute glomerulonephritis with lesion of rapidly progressive; glomerulonephritis
580.81Acute glomerulonephritis in diseases classified elsewhere
580.89Acute glomerulonephritis with other specified pathologicallesion in kidney
580.9Acute glomerulonephritis with unspecified pathological lesion in kidney
581Nephrotic syndrome with lesion of proliferative glomerulonephritis
581.1Nephrotic syndrome with lesion of membranous glomerulonephritis
581.2Nephrotic syndrome with lesion of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
581.3Nephrotic syndrome with lesion of minimal change glomerulonephritis
581.81Nephrotic syndrome in diseases classified elsewhere
581.89Other nephrotic syndrome with specified pathological lesion in kidney
581.9Nephrotic syndrome with unspecified pathological lesion in kidney
582Chronic glomerulonephritis with lesion of proliferative glomerulonephritis
582.1Chronic glomerulonephritis with lesion of membranous glomerulonephritis
582.2Chronic glomerulonephritis with lesion of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
582.4Chronic glomerulonephritis with lesion of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis
582.81Chronic glomerulonephritis in diseases classified elsewhere
582.89Other chronic glomerulonephritis with specified pathological lesion in kidney
582.9Chronic glomerulonephritis with unspecified pathological lesion in kidney
583Nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic with lesion of proliferative glomerulonephritis
583.1Nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic with lesion of membranous glomerulonephritis
583.2Nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic with lesion of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis
583.4Nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic with lesion of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis
583.6Nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic with lesion of renal cortical necrosis
583.7Nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic with lesion of renal medullary necrosis
583.81Nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic in diseases classified elsewhere
583.89Other nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic with specified pathological lesion in kidney
583.9Nephritis and nephropathy not specified as acute or chronic with unspecified pathological lesion in kidney
584.5Acute renal failure with lesion of tubular necrosis
584.6Acute renal failure with lesion of renal cortical necrosis
584.7Acute renal failure with lesion of renal medullary (papillary) necrosis
584.8Acute renal failure with other specified pathological lesion in kidney
584.9Acute renal failure unspecified
585.xChronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
      585.1 Stage 1     585.2 Stage 2     585.3 Stage 3     585.4 Stage 4
      585.5 Stage 5 (excluding dialysis)  585.6 End Stage Renal Disease
      585.9 Chronic kidney disease, unspecified
586Renal failure unspecified
587Renal sclerosis unspecified
588Renal osteodystrophy
588.1Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
588.81Secondary hyperparathyroidism (of renal origin)
588.89Other specified disorders resulting from impaired renal function
588.9Unspecified disorder resulting from impaired renal function
589Small kidney of unknown cause
590Chronic pyelonephritis
590.8Other pyelonephritis or pyonephrosis not specified as acute or chronic
591Hydronephrosis
593.1Hypertrophy of kidney
593.3Stricture or kinking of ureter
593.4Other ureteric obstruction
593.5Hydroureter
593.6Postural proteinuria
593.7Vesicoureteral reflux
593.81Pyelitis or pyelonephritis in diseases classified elsewhere
593.89Other specified disorders of kidney and ureter
593.9Unspecified disorder of kidney and ureter
642.1Hypertension secondary to renal disease complicating pregnancy childbirth and the puerperium
646.2Unspecified renal disease in pregnancy without mention of hypertension
753Renal agenesis and dysgenesis
753.1Cystic kidney disease unspecified
753.11Congenital single renal cyst
753.12Polycystic kidney unspecified type
753.13Polycystic kidney autosomal dominant
753.14Polycystic kidney autosomal recessive
753.15Renal dysplasia
753.16Medullary cystic kidney
753.17Medullary sponge kidney
753.19Other specified cystic kidney disease
753.2Unspecified obstructive defect of renal pelvis and ureter
753.21Congenital obstruction of ureteropelvic junction
753.22Congenital obstruction of ureterovesical junction
753.23Congenital ureterocele
753.29Other obstructive defect of renal pelvis and ureter
753.3Other specified anomalies of kidney
794.4Nonspecific abnormal results of function study of kidney
Suggested Citation:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chronic Kidney Disease Surveillance System—United States.
website. http://www.cdc.gov/ckd