Risk Factor and Theme: Diabetes
Diabetes mellitus, or simply diabetes, is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas is no longer able to make insulin, or when the body cannot make good use of the insulin it produces. Not being able to produce insulin or use it effectively leads to raised glucose levels in the blood (known as hyperglycaemia). Over the long-term high glucose levels are associated with damage to the body and failure of kidneys, other organs, and tissues. The prevalence of diabetes in US adults ranged from 5% to 10% in 1999-2012 depending on the definition; 8% self-reported as having diabetes in 1999-2012.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chronic Kidney Disease Surveillance System—United States.