Risk Factor and Theme: AKI

Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) is a rapid decline in kidney function that can lead to long-term kidney damage and death. It is often preventable or reversible. Having chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for AKI, and AKI is a risk factor for CKD.
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AKI-Related Indicators Most Recent Year Data Source
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Identification of those at risk for development of CKD forms an integral part of a CKD surveillance system. First, examining changes in the burden of risk factors for CKD can help predict the potential future burden of CKD. For example, if the prevalence of an important risk factor is rising, it is likely that the prevalence of CKD will rise accordingly. Second, assessing the burden of risk factors can also help identify which interventions are likely to have the most impact on reducing the burden of CKD. Early intervention in those with risk factors may help prevent or delay the onset of CKD, or in the case of established CKD, help slow progression or reduce related morbidity and mortality.
Dialysis-requiring AKI in the General Population
IndicatorMost Recent YearData Source
2009 NIS
Assessment of the processes of care and practice patterns related to the detection and management of CKD is an integral part of a national CKD surveillance system. Tracking the processes of care related to CKD could be instrumental in facilitating the implementation of early diagnostic steps and institution of appropriate therapies to either prevent the development of disease or slow progression of established disease. Examination of administrative health care data is a cost-efficient method for tracking processes of care in the practice setting.
Laboratory Testing for CKD in the Health Care System
Nephrology Care Prior to ESRD


Suggested Citation:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chronic Kidney Disease Surveillance System—United States.
website. http://www.cdc.gov/ckd