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Indicator Details: Percentage of Patients with ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM Codes Indicating CKD or ESRD
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The overall unadjusted percentage of patients with a CKD code (ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM diagnosis code, excluding ESRD) has slightly increased in the last decade, for patients aged 20-64 years old enrolled in Commercial insurance from OPTUM Clinformatics.
Chart Explanation: The prevalence of diagnosed CKD increases only minimally in each of the years studied. The y-axis (vertical line) shows the percentage of CKD, and the x-axis (horizontal line) shows the CKD groups (No CKD or ESRD, CKD but not ESRD, ESRD).
The Clinformatics™ Commercial dataset provides paid medical and prescription claims and enrollment information for participants in commercial insurance plans.

CKD is defined using ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM diagnosis codes, and ESRD is based on International Classification of Diseases (ICD) diagnosis, Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) procedure, and Diagnosis Related Group (DRG) codes in the Clinformatics Commercial.
Description of MeasurePrevalence of diagnosed CKD (by ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM codes) and ESRD stratified by age, race/ethnicity, gender, diabetes diagnosis and hypertension diagnosis.
Data SourceClinformatics Commercial from Optum Clinformatics™ Data Mart Database (OptumInsight, Eden Prairie, MN)
Type of Data SourceAdministrative
Data SetClinformatics Commercial enrollees age 20-64 years old.
Health Care System DataYes.
Regional or NationalRegional.
Demographic GroupPatients age 20-64 years old enrolled in Clinformatics Commercial insurance.
NumeratorPatients in denominator with diagnosed CKD from one inpatient or two outpatient claims by any of the ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM CKD codes listed below or identified as having ESRD.
DenominatorPatient aged 20-64 years old with full year of enrollment  in a given calendar year.
Primary Data Source IndicatorDiagnosis code from inpatient and outpatient files.
Primary Indicator Method of MeasurementMedical claim.
Secondary (1) VariableAge in years at the end of the current calendar year.
Secondary (2) VariableRace/ethnicity
Secondary (3) VariableSex/Gender
Secondary (4) VariableDiabetes status determined by the presence of an ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM code for diabetes, or diabetic complications, on at least one inpatient, outpatient or medical services claim during a given calendar year.
Secondary (5) VariableHypertension status determined by the presence of an ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM code for hypertension on at least one inpatient, outpatient or medical services claim during a given calendar year.
Period Currently Available


Limitations of IndicatorThe use of ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM diagnosis code as measure of prevalence, will underestimate the level of chronic kidney disease in the general population.
Analytical ConsiderationsIn published literature, disease is diagnosed by ICD-9-CM or ICD-10-CM codes in alternate ways (one outpatient, two or more outpatient or one inpatient). Care must be taken in comparisons.
ICD-9-CM Codes for CKD016.0; 095.4; 189.0,189.9; 223.0; 236.91; 250.4; 271.4; 274.1; 283.11; 403; 404; 440.1; 442.1; 477.3; 572.4; 581-588; 591; 642.1; 646.2; 753.12-753.19; 753.2; 794.4
ICD-10-CM Codes for CKDA18.11, A52.75, B52.0, C64.x, C68.9, D30.0x, D41.0x-D41.2x, D59.3, E08.2x, E09.2x, E10.2x, E10.65, E11.2x, E11.65, E13.2x, E74.8, I12.xx, I13.0, I13.1x, I13.2, K76.7, M10.3x, M32.14, M32.15, N01.x-N08.x, N13.1, N13.1x-N13.39, N14.x,N15.0, N15.8, N15.9, N16, N17.x, N18.1-N18.5, N18.8, N18.9, N19, N25.xx, N26.1, N26.9, O10.4xx, O12.xx, O26.83x, O90.89, Q61.02, Q61.1x-Q61.8, Q26.0-Q26.39, R94.4

Suggested Citation:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chronic Kidney Disease Surveillance System—United States.
website. http://www.cdc.gov/ckd