Tracking & Preventing
Kidney Disease in America

Tracking & Preventing Kidney Disease in America

Blood & Urine Tests Measure Kidney Function, Damage & Other Abnormalities
Blood & Urine Tests Measure
Kidney Function, Damage &
Other Abnormalities
Kidney Disease Surveillance is a comprehensive information system for kidney disease to inform and stimulate public health action. The purpose of the system is reducing the burden and impact of kidney disease on the U.S. population.
About Surveillance

Prevalence & Incidence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Trends in Prevalence of CKD Stages among U.S. Adults
Trends in Prevalence of CKD
Stages among U.S. Adults
Prevalence of CKD by the percentage of patients with a CKD code is distributed unevenly across states.
Prevalence of Diagnosed CKD among Medicare Beneficiaries aged ≥ 65 Years, by U.S. State and County
CKD Prevalence in adults with diabetes remained the same (20%) in 1999–2004 & 2011–2018.
Trends in Incidence Rate of CKD
among U.S. Veterans

Kidney Disease Risk Calculator

The calculator estimates the probability of having Chronic Kidney Disease. The calculations is based on individual characteristics: age, sex, and 7 comorbidities.
ARE YOU AWARE?

Adults with chronic kidney disease are less likely to engage in physical activity

Maintaining moderate-intensity physical activities may provide many benefits in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, including slower decline in kidney function, better physical function, reduced cardiovascular risk, and improved quality of life. Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, 2001–March 2020) shows that prevalence of physical activity has been increasing in the US among those with and without CKD; however, adults with CKD still have a lower prevalence of physical activity compared to those without CKD. Efforts are needed to understand the impact of levels of physical activity on adults with different stages of CKD.

Age

Although kidney disease can occur at any age, CKD is more frequently associated with older age. In the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) of 2017–March 2020, the prevalence of CKD among those aged 18–39 years old was 6.1%; in those aged 40–59 years old, 10.9%; in those aged 60–69 years old, 18.5%; and in those 70 years of age and older, it was 38.4%.

Diabetes

Diabetes is a leading risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). Persons with diabetes make up the fastest growing group of kidney dialysis and transplant recipients in the United States. The prevalence of CKD among adults with diabetes has decreased from 41.1% in the 2001–2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to 37.1% in the 2017–March 2020 survey.

Hypertension

Hypertension is the second leading risk factor for CKD. CKD can also lead to the development of hypertension through multiple mechanisms. The prevalence of CKD among adults with hypertension has remained stable, representing 24.5% in the 2001–2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) to 24.6% in the 2017–March 2020 survey.

Data Bite Highlights


HEALTHY PEOPLE 2030

Healthy People 2030 (HP2030) sets data-driven national objectives to improve health and well-being over the next decade. There are 14 goals related to kidney disease, 10 of which are about chronic kidney disease. Goals are tracked using several data sources

In addition, the Kidney Disease Surveillance System tracks these goals. Click on the Healthy People 2030 button below to see all the surveillance system indicators related to HP2030.


Healthy People 2030
Prevalence of CKD Stages 1-4 by Year
Trends in Prevalence of
CKD Stages among U.S. Adults
% with CKD Stage 3 or 4 who were aware of their disease
Kidney Disease Awareness among
U.S. Adults with CKD Stages 3–5
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
GENERAL INFORMATION
When people develop chronic kidney disease (CKD), their kidneys become damaged and over time may not clean the blood as well as healthy kidneys. If kidneys do not work well, toxic waste and extra fluid accumulate in the body and may lead to high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, and early death. However, people with CKD and people at risk for CKD can take steps to protect their kidneys with the help of their health care providers.

CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE (CKD) INITIATIVE

In 2006, the CDC established the Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) Initiative to provide public health strategies for promoting kidney health. Current activities of the CKD Initiative include surveillance, epidemiology, health outcomes, and economic studies in partnership with various offices at the CDC, other governmental agencies, universities, and national organizations. Visit CKD Initiative