About one-third of this American Indian cohort were smoking at baseline, and prevalence of current smoking was higher among younger and male study participants.
Chart Explanation: About 34% of this American Indian cohort were smoking at baseline. Prevalence of current smoking was significantly higher among younger and male study participants, relative to their counterparts.
The Strong Heart Study consisted of several components and three study exams (baseline, 1989-1992; second exam, 1993-1995; and third exam, 1998-1999), followed by morbidity and mortality surveillance of 4,500 tribal participants. Strong Heart enrolled men and women aged 45-74 at baseline from 13 American Indian tribes/communities in Arizona, Oklahoma, and the Dakotas. A total of 4,541 Strong Heart participants had baseline information on self-reported current smoking status.
|Description of Measure||Prevalence of obesity|
|Data Source||Strong Heart Study|
|Type of Data Source||Private|
|Health Care System Data||No|
|Regional or National?||National|
|Demographic Group||American Indians aged 45-74 from 13 tribes/communities |
|Numerator||Number of participants currently smoking at baseline exam|
|Denominator||All participants at baseline exam|
|Definition of CKD||---|
|Glomerular filtration rate||---|
|Primary Data Source Indicator||Percentage of participants reporting currently smoking at baseline exam|
|Primary Indicator Method of Measurement||Questionnaire|
|Frequency of Measurement (Primary)||Once (cross-sectional at baseline exam)|
|U.S. Region Covered by Primary Variable||Arizona, Oklahoma, and the Dakotas|
|Period Currently Available||1989–1992|
|Pending Data||Possible continued passive follow-up only|
|Additional Data Items of Interest||Age, gender, diabetes, hypertension|
|Limitations of Indicator||Smoking may be under-reported|
|Analytical Considerations||Analysis performed by SHS investigators; denominators for each study exam and indicator must be defined properly|